- The llama is a South American relative of the camel, though the llama does not have a hump. These sturdy creatures are domestic animals used by the peoples of the Andes Mountains.
- Llamas are large animals. They can be 6 feet tall (at the head) and reach between 280 and 450 pounds of weight.
- Llama’s body is covered with wool which can be black, gray, white or brown, with variety of patterns.
- Llama has elongated face, large nostrils and long ears that are curved inwardly. Llama’s ears are shaped like “banana”.
- Average birth weight is 18-35 lbs. Babies are normally up and nursing within 90 minutes. They are weaned at about 5-6 months.
- Females are first bred at 14-18 months of age. Llamas do not have a heat cycle but are induced ovulators (ovulation) occurs 24-36 hours after breeding). Thus they can be bred at any time of the year.
- The llama is a herbivore and gets most of its nutrition from grass, leaves and young shoots.
- Llamas also do not have the same water retaining properties of their camel cousins, meaning that the llama must drink more often and llamas therefore prefer to be close to water.
- A male llama is called as sire, the female is named as dam, and cria is the name given to baby llama. A group of llamas is called herd.
- Llamas communicate their moods with a series of tail, body, and ear postures as well as vocalizations.
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