Interesting Facts About Dinosaurs
- The word dinosaur comes from the Greek language and means ‘terrible lizard’. The word was coined by English paleontologist Richard Owen in 1842 and was meant to refer to Dinosaurs impressive size rather than their scary appearance.
- It is believed that dinosaurs lived on Earth until around 65 million years ago when a mass extinction occurred.
- The only dinosaurs we can know about are the ones that leave fossil remains, but fossilization is an extremely rare process.
- Fossil evidence is abundant for late Jurassic (150 million years ago) and late Cretaceous (80-65 million years ago) dinosaurs, but long stretches of geologic time, across various continents, remain unaccounted for.
- The time period from 250 million years ago until around 65 million years ago is known as the Mesozoic Era. It is often referred to as the Age of the Dinosaurs because most dinosaurs developed and became extinct during this time.
- The first dinosaur to be formally named was the Megalosaurus, back in 1824.
- The Fastest Dinosaur was Coelophysis and other Ornithomimosaurs. Scientists think these dinosaurs ran up to 30 miles per hour for short distances.
- The Smallest Dinosaur was the Saltopus. It was only 3 feet long, and weighed about five pounds.
- The longest dinosaur was Seismosaurus, which measured over 40 metres, as long as five double-decker buses.
- The heaviest dinosaur was Brachiosaurus at 80 tonnes. It was the equivalent to 17 African Elephants. Brachiosaurus was 16m tall and 26m long and is the largest dinosaur skeleton to be mounted in a museum.
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